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Eastern Promises

Eastern Promises

Cronenberg tears open a violent underworld

Total Film

November 2007

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David Cronenberg and Viggo Mortensen reunite for Eastern Promises, a violent study of London’s Russian crime gangs...

Eastern Promises dips below deceptive surfaces to tear open a vicious criminal underworld that’s as fascinating as it is terrifying, rife with sex slavery and life-is-cheap morality and imported from Russia into the seedier reaches of London.

Written by Steve Knight, who previously examined the unseen lives of London immigrants in Dirty Pretty Things, it grants David Cronenberg a canvas on which to explore man’s banal cruelty and immense capacity for compassion; the human race’s yin and yang, good versus evil. It is, then, a striking companion piece to 2005’s award-basted A History Of Violence… although Cronenberg insists the similarities didn’t strike him until after the fact.

“I can certainly see connections with History Of Violence now,” says the director, sipping a cappuccino on a warm, sunny day in Toronto. “And when I first approached Viggo about playing Nikolai, one of the things that we discussed was, ‘Is this too similar for you to play this kind of role again?’ But playing a Russian is very different from playing a middle American, and it’s only in an analytical way that they’re kind of a matched pair. I can see that the films would make a really interesting double bill, but I wasn’t thinking about that at all when I was making them.”

From Mortensen’s retro-cool suits and shades to the unflinching violence, Eastern Promises walks and talks like a conventional gangster movie. But with Cronenberg calling the shots, it gains a more combustible rumbling of sex, violence and power, replete with his familiar themes of identity, body violation and kinky but disturbing sex. The 64-year-old director found himself intrigued by how Britain’s multi-culturalism imports customs, codes and nationalist fervour wholesale from other countries, creating hermetically sealed sub-cultures with “arbitrary rules of behaviour”. Eastern Promises pits an organised-crime family fronted by Armin Mueller-Stahl’s outwardly genteel restaurant owner Semyon against a rival gang when his son Kirill (Vincent Cassel) has a scion of the clan’s throat slit.

“I liked the textures of all those different cultures,” Cronenberg says of the “new” Russian crime culture. “You’ve got Chechens and Azerbajanis and Russians and Georgians who have all transplanted themselves to London, and have enmities and hostilities that they’ve brought with them. But they have an uneasy alliance. It’s like criminal globalisation. In order to do business they have to collaborate with each other.”

During his research, Knight met with the Metropolitan police’s Russian desk and the FBI to explore the criminal brotherhood, the Vory V Zakone (Thieves In Law), who were spawned during Stalin’s great purges of the 1930s, when millions of “Bolshevik enemies” were exiled to Siberian labour camps and the first Vory gangs formed. Creating a rigid, hierarchical code that exists to this day (total submission to the laws of criminal life; rejection of all government authority), they flourished in the ’70s under Russia’s black market economy, then fanned out across the globe when the Soviet Union collapsed. Even today, the Vory concentrate on Russia’s prisons to recruit new members and a tribunal system is in place that resolves disputes and punishes violations – usually with mutilation or death. (Knight was so shocked by what he discovered, particularly in regards to their sex trafficking, he had to tone it down for the final script.)

Mortensen’s Nikolai is a “driver” for the gang, although essentially he’s a wily watchdog for the nasty, oppressed Kirill. Into this harsh sphere stumbles Naomi Watts as a half-Russian midwife who saves the baby of a teenage Russian prostitute, but in attempting to trace the dead mother’s family uncovers lurid, incriminating revelations in her diary – which Nikolai is sent to retrieve. Mortensen spent six months preparing for the role – astonishing even by his exacting standards. He studied the language, spent weeks travelling around Russia, read Russian authors, and sought out real-life ex-crims to school himself in the nuances of disreputable behaviour.

“I met some guys who had backgrounds similar to Nikolai,” he says, looking meticulous in dark blue jacket and clipped goatee. “They were a little reticent at first because they feel – and they’re right – that movies made outside of Russia depicting Russians are full of clichés. Just like when they have Americans played by Russians in Russian movies – they’re kind of silly as well. But I said, ‘I’m not out to criticise you, I just want to get it right’. And once they realised that they were helpful.”

Cronenberg was no slouch either, driving the creation of a believable sub-culture down to the crystal goblets in Semyon’s restaurant and the authentic Russian food cooked for the film’s opulent banquet scene. Away from the borscht and vodka, it was blood, knives and human mutilation that Cronenberg was out to nail, and Eastern Promises features a memorable and horrific fight in a London bathhouse between Nikolai and two blade-wielding thugs – with Viggo stark bollock naked for the duel’s duration. It’s a visceral, wince-inducing scene that Cronenberg refused to storyboard (“I never use them – I like the spontaneity you get when you don’t”) and shot in a swift two days on a set built after their original steambath location decided to renovate its premises.

“Viggo had brought back all his books from Russia,” says the director of the fight choreography, “and they’re black arts; I mean they’re sort of forbidden books. Of course, you can buy anything in Russia – I’m surprised he didn’t come back with a missile. But the spetznatch – the Special Forces – have all these fighting techniques that are extremely brutal and incredibly functional and really nasty. Really nasty.

“I said to the stunt coordinator that this is not going to be a kind of Bourne movie with the impressionistic cutting, where you don’t see anything,” he goes on. “I want to see everything.”

How did his star find the sauna slap-down? “Slippery, painful, embarrassing,” sighs Mortensen, who insists he wasn’t “primping in the corner” between takes to yield a more impressive display. “I’d be lying if I said it was just another day’s work. But David was very efficient and shot it fast. So that was good: when you get banged up, you want it to be over with. And there were moments where he’d cut and you’re sitting there like [splays his arms and legs like he’s spreadeagled on his back] and you suddenly become…” The 49-year-old actor trails off into a wry chuckle. “But as long as you keep going, then it’s like any other scene. You’re just trying to make it work.”

The memorable scuffle also shows off Nikolai’s tattoo-painted body. In the Vory, tattoos describe what crimes you’ve committed as well as your rank. They’re body art with lethal significance – if you have a tattoo you haven’t rightfully earned, you can be killed for it. “There was a phrase I really like that was on my back that said, ‘The important thing is to remain human,’” says Mortensen, who managed to silence a restaurant of Russian diners on one occasion, so convincing were his Vory tattoos. “I thought, ‘Oh, that’s a good motto for this character.’ But to the guys I met that had that tattoo, that phrase meant something else: to remain human means to be a man, to have no respect for any authority. To take it like a man... And there’s a little of that in Nikolai. He’s a guy who knows how to take a beating.”

As he displayed in A History Of Violence, Mortensen’s taut, implacable exterior can convey menace, warmth and tenderness in split-second switches. But in Eastern Promises he goes even deeper, hinting at a brutal past that isn’t shown but is firmly etched into Nikolai’s features. The actor’s co-stars were impressed although, with Cassel at least, a bit sceptical at first. “Viggo was very precise and very laid-back,” says the Frenchman. “In some scenes, he was just watching me [Cassel stares ahead with an immobile face], and I have to say once or twice I felt that maybe he should do a little more. But when you see the movie, the stillness he has really works, so maybe there’s something for me to learn from that.”

“Viggo blew me away on a daily basis,” chimes Watts, who found out she was pregnant three weeks into the shoot (shortly after witnessing a caesarean section in preparation to play Anna). “He spent time in Russia and every day he would come to set with something interesting: a piece of writing or a Russian chocolate or a photo album. I think he stayed in character pretty much the whole time. And that’s great. It really helped me… I saw Viggo yesterday for the first time since we finished the film and it was like a whole different person. I almost didn’t recognise him.”

Giving the man himself the final word, then… “Some people looked at A History Of Violence and said, ‘This is about America and its role in the world,’” he says. “But I wouldn’t say Eastern Promises is about Russian violence. I don’t think the Russians are any more violent than the English or Americans or anybody else. It’s about human violence to some degree but in the end, for me, it’s a movie about compassion. It’s a movie that shows you that no matter how hard things get and how difficult those choices are to make, there are people who will always do the right thing.”

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